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Gumbo (American Cajun-Creole meat and shellfish stew)

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Gumbo (American Cajun-Creole meat and shellfish stew)

Bài gửi by MinhHang on Tue Jun 02, 2009 6:49 am

American Cajun-Creole meat and shellfish stew

Gumbo, one of the most famous of Cajun-Creole dishes, acquired its name from quingombo,
a Congolese word for okra. It came about through a fusion of French,
African, Native American and Spanish influences in early Louisiana
cuisine. There are two main types of gumbo--those thickened with okra
and those thickened with filé powder. This one uses okra.

6-8 servings

  • Oil -- 2-3 tablespoons
  • Andouille sausage (optional), sliced in rounds -- 1 pound
  • Chicken (optional), cut up -- 2-3 pounds
  • Oil -- 1/2 cup
  • Flour -- 2/3 cup
  • Oil -- 3 tablespoons
  • Onion, minced -- 1 cup
  • Celery, minced -- 1 cup
  • Green bell pepper, minced -- 1 cup
  • Okra (optional), sliced into rounds -- 2 cups
  • Garlic, minced -- 3 cloves
  • Oregano, dried -- 2 teaspoons
  • Thyme, dried -- 1 teaspoon
  • Tomatoes (optional), chopped -- 1 cup
  • Stock or water -- 7 cups
  • Bay leaf -- 1-2
  • Salt and pepper -- to taste
  • Cayenne pepper (optional) -- 1/4 teaspoon
  • Shrimp (optional), peeled and deveined -- 1-2 pounds
  • Hot cooked rice -- 6 cups


  1. Heat the 2-3 tablespoons of oil over medium-high heat in a large,
    heavy-bottomed skillet. Brown the sausage and remove to paper towels to
    drain. Next brown the chicken pieces and remove to paper towels to
    drain. Set aside while you make the roux.
  2. Add enough oil to the skillet to make about 1/2 cup and reduce heat
    to very low. Stir in the flour and cook, whisking often, until the
    flour turns a rich reddish-brown color. This could take up to 45
    minutes and is a crucial step in making gumbo. Do not let the flour
    burn. Remove to a bowl and set aside to cool. This is your roux.
  3. Meanwhile, heat another 3 tablespoons of oil over medium-high heat
    in a large pot. Add the onions, celery and bell pepper and sauté
    until the onion is translucent. Add the okra, garlic, oregano and thyme
    and sauté for 3-4 more minutes.
  4. Stir in the tomatoes, if using, and cook to reduce the liquid
    somewhat, 3-4 minutes. Add the stock or water, bay leaf, salt, pepper
    and cayenne. Bring to a boil, and then rapidly whisk in the cooled roux
    a little at a time to avoid lumps.
  5. As soon as all the roux has been added and the stew has thickened,
    stir in the browned sausage and chicken and reduce heat to low. Simmer
    for 30-45 minutes.
  6. In the last five minutes, stir in the shrimp, if using, and simmer
    until it is just cooked through. Remove from heat and adjust seasoning.
  7. Place a mound of hot rice in large individual serving bowls and
    ladle the gumbo over the rice. A little filé powder may be
    sprinkled over each serving.


  • Gumbo usually contains a number of different meats, with smoked
    andouille sausage, chicken and shellfish being the most common. Add any
    combination you like, but the more you add, the better the flavor.
    Oysters can be added along with the shrimp to make an extra special
    meal. Winter gumbos sometimes contain game meats like duck, rabbit or
  • Creole gumbo often contains tomatoes; Cajun gumbo leaves them out. The choice is yours.
  • A handful of chopped scallions may be added toward the end of cooking time for additional flavor and color.
  • Gumbo is usually served over rice, but there are recipes that call
    for it to be served over boiled potatoes or even potato salad!


  • Okra Gumbo: Okra is used most often in summer gumbos made
    with seafood. Filé powder is rarely combined with an okra-based
    gumbo, but dark roux often is.
  • Filé Gumbo: Filé is a powder made from the
    ground leaves of the sassafras tree. Originally used by the native
    Choctaw population in its cooking, filé gives a distinctive
    flavor to a gumbo. Filé should never be added to simmering or
    boiling liquid as it congeals into thick, gluey strands. Only add it to
    the gumbo after it has been removed from the flame. Or simply sprinkle
    it over each portion and stir in. Filé powder is usually added
    to meat gumbos, which are more common in the winter.
  • Dark roux, a mixture of oil or lard and flour, acts as a
    further thickener. The mixture is cooked slowly over a low flame until
    it takes on a deep reddish-brown color and a nutty aroma. Roux can be
    used as a thickener in conjuction with okra or filé powder, or
    it can be used alone. Creole roux tends to be lighter in color than
    roux used by Cajuns.


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